XRAY XB8’16 ‘Making of’ Part 2 – Exclusive story by Martin Bayer
Task #6: Improve the flex
The flex of the chassis, braces, suspension parts – as well as overall flex of the cars – are probably the most important factors and characteristics that influence the handling and performance of an RC car.
Every single change I make to the car has to be reviewed for how it will affect the flex. All the changes I have made and described so far had all been considered and tested on their influence on the overall flex of the car, and most of the changes were all positive. The one area I was still not completely sure about was the radio box.
I had plenty of differently modified radio boxes, and every of them provided the car with a slightly different feeling because of different flex.
Here are some of the things I did to the radio boxes to test the effects on flex:
- Drilled in various areas to change the stiffness
- Cuts in longitudinal or horizontal directions
- Cut into more pieces to separate the different parts of the box
- More mounting positions to the chassis
- Less mounting positions to the chassis
- And of course, all these alternatives were moulded from different composite mixtures: soft – medium – hard
At one point I felt like a “master of radio boxes” coming to any track I spent most of the time changing and testing various boxes and comparing them back-to-back. Some of the designs worked perfectly in high-traction conditions but were not suitable for low-traction and vice-versa. I had to admit that it might be impossible to find one that would work perfectly in all the different conditions, so I came to the point where I needed to choose the best possible solution.
The more I tested and had to keep all the related details on mind, the more I was convinced that the best possible solution (which would also be fastest solution) would be to use the standard design of the radio box but moulded from a soft composite. This version of the radio box would not require any further changes to the mould, and by not making changes to other parts other than using a softer composite, this definitely helped the car to flex more and generate more traction.
We have redesigned the way the radio box is mounted to the chassis to ensure that the radio box will have minimum effect on the chassis flex. I was happy with the final decision until I realized in some test sessions on very fast tracks, the softer radio box has a negative side effect when the throttle servo pulls the radio box when the throttle servo arm is moving. Of course this was a not desired effect and I felt like I was right back at the beginning of the problem.
Good ideas come with a fresh mind, and this time was no exception. After a short break from the problem, I came up with a very easy and straightforward solution. To stop the throttle servo from moving but to keep the radio box as flexible as it was, I added a turnbuckle linkage between the center bulkhead assembly and the throttle servo. This ensured that the servo would not move when the throttle was applied, while the radio box could still move & flex as required. It was an easy & smart solution which put us back on track.
Task #7: Reinforce weak points
It is not surprising that XRAY cars are considered to be the most reliable and strongest RC cars in the industry. Since the very first version released a decade ago, the XB8 has been one of the strongest and most reliable off-road cars thanks to ongoing development and yearly improvements. There are not many areas that would require reliability improvement, but still there were a few I had in mind.
There were basically only two parts I wanted to improve upon: the diff bulkhead and the ball-bearings. While updating the mould of the bulkheads to fit the new brace mounting system, we made several small modifications to the bulkheads to make them stronger and more reliable. To improve the reliability of the ball-bearings, we returned to greased bearings instead of using light oil which we had changed to a few years ago. I have learned that most drivers do not service their bearings as frequently as they should, so without the grease the bearings were more susceptible to dust and dirt. At the end we use the bearings with light oil only in the steering system to ensure absolutely free movement of the entire steering assembly.
Task #8: Improve the performance of the body
The body and wing have a significant influence on handling and performance, and as such it is an area in which we pay special attention. The design of the body is also a matter of brand identity, and differentiates the cars among others on the track. Therefore the look of the body is also matter of a functional design.
With the new trend of easy & straight lines design, we made improvement to the performance of the body since last year, but with our new experiences from the design of the XB4 body I wanted to play around the front cabin, sidewalls, and flow-channels to see how much I can improve the stability and landing after large jumps.
The development of the body takes a fairly a long time because in this case we make all the modifications to the mould manually and we have to consider every change in a detail because of the changes in the mould. To arrive at the final design took four different stages, each with a separate prototype. This process probably took the longest time in development. To gain more stability we changed the front cabin to a more vertical front window, moved the entire cabin more forwards, and redesigned the flow of the air across the top of the body.
We also narrowed the whole cabin area so it cuts through the air better and has better stability when the car rolls in corners…which also helps when the car is landing after long jumps. All these modifications were made step-by-step during the four different development stages, and I tested the body for a few months at different tracks with a significant improvement almost everywhere.
Task #9: Test & compare the Lexan wing
With the new trend of Lexan wings, I wanted to do extensive testing before any changes were made. I am not a fan of quick changes due to trends or hype, but rather I take the traditional attitude of “test first, then make.”
The solution was easy: test the Lexan wings and compare them against our wing which I still consider to be one of the best in the industry for both performance & reliability. I have done plenty of different tests in different track conditions, and I believe there is a future for the Lexan™ wing, but certainly we did not want to rush anything at this moment. However to be honest, the reliability and lifespan of the Lexan wing is much lower, which may be the main obstacle for regular customers. At this moment I am unsure what we will do with the Lexan wing, but I certainly see a potential to further explore and work on. Maybe we will start first with an optional wing and collect long-term feedback from regular customers to get more information to make a decision.
Tests, tests, and even MORE tests
With a very clear idea of all things I wanted to change, I knew that we would be doing “old school” back-to-back testing & comparison of prototypes, recording all the data, analyzing it all, and then deciding on the final specs of the car. They may call it “old school” but it is still the best way to do this without risking creating something that might not do well in long-term tested or even work at all.
Considering that I was involved at the same time with other XRAY off-road platforms and the lack of time I had, there was no choice but to speed up the initial first testing by doing all the tests on my own, then only afterwards provide the team with those selected prototypes which I was convinced were major improvement so that more drivers could confirm my findings in different track conditions. In the end, I believe this strategy has worked and I also saved a lot of time for the drivers by providing them with clearly improved cars; they did not have to waste any time eliminating any non-working parts during the prototype phase.
I also knew that any time I was unsure about something, I could count on good input from Juraj who represents the “average Joe” racer. This system has proved to be fast & efficient, and we were doing miracles in much shorter times.
For a non-involved person it may sound logical to go and test all these new parts 1-by-1, but unfortunately I did not have time to do that. I submitted to Production a list of all those parts required for the first phase of testing. Since our biggest change in car design & layout would certainly be the front pivot ball suspension, the first prototype we would be testing would be the front pivot ball suspension in the current XB8 platform.
It was an obvious starting point to test & record data on the existing pivot ball suspension (contrary to the conventional pivot ball suspension); we needed to test the very same car we already had knowledge & experience with. So we quickly produced a rapid prototype of the conventional front pivot ball and installed it into my car that I used the whole season, in order to feel all the differences.
The prototype with the conventional pivot ball suspension made the car a little bit more stable but still very reactive which I really liked but Juraj did not feel any difference which was good because for a normal driver the car will be still easy to the drive but the high competition racing customers will feel the small improvement in stability. What was most important was that with the conventional pivot ball suspension we were able to avoid suspension binding in dusty conditions; this was the main reason we wanted to test & compare this suspension style… to confirm or refuse our theories.
In changing from our unique pivot ball to the conventional pivot ball suspension, I was really concerned that we would come under fire from the public with the usual jokes & comments about copies. I tried to chat with Juraj about other possible solutions, but any time I came up with different concerns Juraj settled me down and reminding me that no matter how hard we try we will not reinvent the wheel, and everyone will always build something based on some other previous designs.
So I simply had to learn to live with the fact that no matter what we will do, there will always be some haters and I need to focus on the positive side which is the improvements we will bring to customers. In the end it is the customer that is the most important judge of our work, so despite the concerns I kept a positive mindset that we would cure the binding issue in the dusty conditions, and make customers happy. Also, I knew of another upcoming project where we will be able to use our unique pivot ball, so it will not be lost & forgotten.
After this most important & fundamental decision, I could start working on the rest of the car. The front suspension was settled and I could work on all details around it. The next step in testing – and also the most time consuming – was the changes to weight balance & flex. I spent a few days brainstorming with Juraj and R&D on the various designs of the chassis I wanted to try.
We put into production various prototypes of all different lengths, weight balance positions, and widths in front & rear. Some of the chassis that I ordered from Production were almost “blank” so I could use drills, Dremel tools, etc. to adjust & cut the openings to my desire. With this flexibility I did not have to wait for Production and could modify the chassis directly at the track with any ideas I had, but of course with certain limitations of other related parts. But still… this flexibility helped me to move forward very quickly.
Along with the major work of testing different chassis, I have probably spent the most time on testing the radio boxes. I equipped myself with boxes made from various materials… all to test & compare the differences in handling. I hand-modified several different designs with some crazy modifications… just to see what happened. Most of the modifications were tested with different front & rear braces, as these in combination with the radio box had the greatest influence on chassis flex.
With all the different areas I wanted to test, I had plenty of prototypes available. Sometimes I did a few tests but was not happy. For example, I was not happy with the flex of the new rear brace, so I had to go back to Production to modify the other remaining prototypes. The next time I had the feeling that despite making huge progress with the stability of the car in rough tracks, I still wanted to test different shock combinations so I ordered various shock body lengths and different shock body parts to test.
“Extensive” is the word I would use to best describe the teamwork between R&D, Production, and myself to move quickly forward with development. I cannot imagine how much longer this type of flexible development would take if we outsourced anything for production or made it somewhere in Asia like others, but for sure it would take several times longer.
I was satisfied with the progress, and finally I had a good, balanced car on my hands. Now was the time when we could approve the production of the prototypes for the team, and to arrange the cars to be run in different track conditions. No matter how satisfied I was with the car, the feedback from the team would be crucial. Unfortunately at that time, Production was completely busy with XB2 & XB4 production, so we simply had to wait for a free spot in their schedule.
Meanwhile I started to test the car at races, traveled to some national rounds, and attended some international races. The more track time I had with the car, the more I was convinced that we had made real progress. While I still felt some small improvements could be made, I decided to wait to hear back from the team.
As the production capacity again opened up, we could produce the prototypes for the team. There was a race on schedule at Padova track in Italy, so I hurried up Martin Wollanka to come with me to the race for some more side-by-side testing. For Martin W, this was first time he hit the track with a complete prototype instead of just some individual parts I provided him to test already before.
I was anxious to hear his feedback, and luckily after a few runs Martin was very satisfied with the handling and also was running faster. A small bit of tension was relieved. After I returned home from Italy, I got in contact with Yannick Aigoin to arrange a test session in France. Unfortunately, the weather went from bad to worse every day, so I had to postpone testing with Yannick. We had a limited number of prototype cars to send out to drivers (then collect them back afterward) depending on the race schedule on different weekends; this was a bit of a complication, but nothing serious.
I continued to perform more testing on my own as well as collect feedback, and from that we worked on further small improvements. This time I focused on the shocks & springs. With the various lengths of shock bodies available, I have selected some favorites and convinced Juraj to design & test all-new spring designs which would have a mix of both linear & progressive characteristics. I wanted to have progressive springs at the beginning of compression so the car does not seat immediately in a corner, but then wanted a more linear rate as the spring is compressed more so in fast corners the car holds its line better. I knew this was only an idea that nobody had done before, so I have expected some complications.
Luckily and to my surprise it went quite well! I have received a few different spring designs and different lengths to test, so again I had plenty of testing ahead of me. I was surprised right away with the significant difference in handling: the car rolled better through the rough parts of the track but also got quicker in fast corners as expected. I continued to test the new springs and was really quite satisfied with them at all the different tracks. From all the different designs I selected 2 designs which worked in nearly all track conditions, so there will not be a huge range of different springs available as option.
Time flies so fast that I did not realize it was already the beginning of 2016, and the new season was just about to start. I was under time pressure as Juraj was pushing me to hand everything to Production, but I was still uncertain about some areas.
I had to keep in mind that Production also runs other XRAY projects, and mould changes in particular take up the most of time. I really hate those moments when you need to make The Decision, but you know that something should be still tested or something could still be improved… but you are running out of time and must quickly decide what to do. After extensive discussions with Juraj, we decided to at least start production of all confirmed parts, and we also decided that we would do some final tests during our annual USA trip.
I wanted to spend as much time as possible at various US tracks, but Juraj did not have so much time, so we decided that I would fly in earlier. At the beginning of February I was back in the USA to test at local tracks, followed by the Sin City race in Las Vegas, and then the Dirt Race. At the Sin City race, track conditions again get different from all the practice conditions and I have found some areas which could be still improved.
I called Juraj at home and explained to him all the modifications I wanted to make to the chassis and the side guards. I understood that Juraj was leaving to join me in only a few days, so I did not expect anything other than to simply report my findings to him. But once again Juraj proved he is the master of complete determination for the “no compromise” attitude. I do not know how Production did it, but for sure they broke another world record.
Within a few days, Juraj landed at the Las Vegas airport with a bag loaded with new parts (just like Santa Claus). He had not only aluminum parts, but also composite side guards which Production had to modify & build the mould and inject. It is times like those that make you feel like nothing is impossible, but then I get back to reality in realizing that several machines had to stop in the middle of a production run, staff had to temporary stop their standard work, the CAD engineers had to stop their work, and the production manager had to put 100% of the time & effort to produce parts quickly. In the end, prototypes like these are worth their weight in gold.
Juraj joined me, Josh Wheeler, and the rest of US team for private practice at several different US tracks. We wrenched from morning ‘til late at night. The new chassis and side guards that Juraj brought were again an improvement at these US style tracks, so the team was happy with the improvements. After 3 weeks spent in USA, I was on the way home with a clear decision to start production of the rest of the parts which were not confirmed yet.
With all the delays in the final decision, it was no surprise (but not good news) to find out that Production was now fully busy with the delayed production of the NT1 and RX8 which were scheduled for release. This was not good news as the outdoor season had started to pick up already, and we needed to get the XB8 to customers. With all the huge efforts we had put into the development of the car, this was the first serious let down that did not please me at all and was another lesson that we cannot postpone important decisions until the last minute.
Despite this delay in production, I am very pleased with the final result. The new XB8 is much easier to handle, it is faster, and it is more reliable. I am convinced that everyone will love the new XB8. In the last few weeks when I was running the final production specs of the car, I brought the car on several occasions to my friends at local tracks who all run different cars. Everyone was surprised how easy the new XB8 is to drive, and everyone improved their personal best lap times almost instantly.
Having this firsthand experience and feedback from regular drivers is something that is very rewarding at the end of all the hard work. I look forward to having customers try the new car, and I will anxiously await their feedback. I am nervous, excited, yet confident.
If you think that you can take a rest at XRAY when you finish a project… well… you would be wrong. Already I am hard at work with the all-new XT2 – the new 1/10 stadium truck. Follow us on our social media accounts for all the latest news and exclusive information; I will bring some more insight into this all-new platform very soon. I will be travelling to all major races in the coming summer season, so do not hesitate to come to see me. Meanwhile enjoy the new XB8 and have fun!